China has developed the first archaeological "mobile laboratory"
many cultural relics have undergone drastic changes and even changed beyond recognition as soon as they are released at the excavation site. How to reduce the regret of losing precious information has always been what archaeologists have been trying to explore. The first vehicle type "mobile laboratory" developed by China that can detect and protect cultural relics at the excavation site was unveiled in Xi'an on the 4th
"mobile laboratory" is the result of the national science and technology support plan project "research and development of mobile laboratory for the protection of cultural relics excavation sites" in the "Eleventh Five Year Plan". After more than two years of research, this research innovatively integrates functional units such as information collection, intelligent pre detection, analysis and detection, on-site extraction, and emergency final disposal and protection on the mobile vehicle, realizing the pre arrival of traditional laboratories and protection and restoration rooms to the archaeological excavation site
Professor Yan Wenming of Peking University said, "this research can not only develop green buildings, but also resolve the surplus of iron and steel. It provides technical possibilities for maximizing access to information and timely protecting unearthed cultural relics, which will greatly improve China's ability of archaeological exploration and on-site protection of unearthed cultural relics."
Su Boming, a researcher at Dunhuang Research Institute, the project undertaking unit, said that the "mobile laboratory" is not only equipped with multidisciplinary technologies and equipment such as intelligent control, sensors, computers, transmission, data processing and space technology, but also can accurately grasp the environment in which cultural relics are buried through on-site video, temperature, humidity monitoring and wireless data transmission systems, Realize the detection and analysis of unearthed cultural relics at the first time and the collection of environmental data of unearthed cultural relicsOn the morning of April 4, at the archaeological excavation site of the second phase expansion project of Xi'an Xianyang International Airport, 10 experts from the State Administration of cultural relics and the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences conducted on-site acceptance of the "mobile laboratory"
at the archaeological site of Weigou tomb in the Tang Dynasty, researchers used the shoe material heat-resistant experimental machine of Jinan experimental machine factory, which is mainly used to test the physical properties of high temperature resistance of shoe sole materials. The archaeological robot carried on the experimental vehicle entered the interior of the ancient tomb in advance to check, and sent the data back to the ground for analysis, measured and processed the site data of the ruins, sites, and images of the excavation site, and then formulated a more scientific excavation plan
tongmingkang, deputy director of the people-oriented Bureau of national wenhengrun instrument, believes that the "mobile laboratory" provides a good working platform for cultural relics workers, which will promote the construction of the application system of modern science and technology in archaeological excavation and the emergency protection of unearthed cultural relics, and improve the multidisciplinary cooperation and comprehensive research ability of archaeological excavation sites
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